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Transfusion services

The combined laboratories offer a comprehensive range of haematology and specialised transfusion testing within the Trust.

General haematology services are provided by the Department of Laboratory Medicine and are available on site seven days a week. Specialist transfusion tests are provided by the Transfusion Laboratory, also known as the Blood Bank. The Transfusion Laboratory is inspected regularly by external bodies including the CPA and MHRA.

Some of the basic services we offer include:

Group and screen (also known as 'group and save')

When a correctly labelled sample has reached the Transfusion Laboratory it will be tested to determine the patient's ABO and Rh (D) blood group. An antibody screen will also be carried out to detect any atypical antibodies (group and screen). The sample is then kept in the Transfusion Laboratory for six days so that, if a cross match is required, the group and save sample can be used.

Cross match

A cross match request is made when blood is required for the patient. There is no need to request a group and screen at the same time when making this request. The patient's blood is tested to determine the ABO and Rh D type, to detect red cell antibodies that could haemolyse transfused red cells and to confirm compatibility with each of the units of red cells to be transfused.

Service summary

CMFT is a busy Trust managing the full spectrum of oncology and haematology disorders in children, adolescents and adult patients within a single hospital site. All subspecialty areas of interest are catered for and there is an opportunity to obtain training in paediatric and adult oncology in a multi-disciplinary environment.

Both the Paediatric and Adult Oncology and Haematology Department receive a large number of newly diagnosed children from across the region.

The non-malignant haematology service has expanded and grown since the move to the purpose-built hospital in 2009. 

Paediatric in-patients are treated on Ward 84a which lies adjacent to the Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit. Day case care is provided by a dedicated Haematology Day Case Unit specifically for Paediatric Patients.

Within the adult service, ward 44 provides in-patient care for Adult Haematology patients and those who have or are about to undergo a Bone Marrow Transplant. The Adult Hematology Day Unit is next door to the ward providing day case care and treatment for this patient group.

Ward 44, 84 and clinical haematology encompass services for the investigation and treatment of hematological disorders. The major categories/components are: leukaemias, lymphomas (including Hodgkin's disease and multiple myeloma), haemoglobinopathies, bleeding and thrombotic disorders, anticoagulation, nutritional anaemias and various non malignant disorders, and transfusion medicine.

The clinical haematology case loads include both haematological malignancy and non-malignant disorders. Haematological treatments are protocol based and may include transfusion, chemotherapy, peripheral blood stem cell and bone marrow transplantation. Referral for radiotherapy may also be required for some patients.