History of Transplantation
Transplants save and improve the lives of over 3000 patients
every year in the UK. Over the past 100 years advances in medical
sciences have allowed for the successful transplants of a number of
different organs and tissues.
Here is the history of transplantation:
Alexis Carrel surgically joins blood vessels
opening up possibilities for further transplant surgery.
The first corneal transplant took place
restoring the sight of a blind man. Over 2000 corneal transplants
now take place every year in the UK. The cornea is unique; it does
not require a blood supply and can therefore be retrieved up to 24
hours after death.
Blood Transfusions used regularly during World
First worldwide successful kidney transplant
takes place in Boston, USA.
The United Kingdom's first successful kidney
transplant takes place at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
First non heart beating donation takes place
in the United Kingdom the operation takes place at Edinburgh Royal
Infirmary. Current Transplantation statistics show that non-heart
beating transplants are now as successful as heart-beating
First worldwide successful liver transplant
takes place in Denver, USA.
World's first heart transplant takes place in
South Africa. The operation was a success and the patient lived for
a further 18 years.
First heart transplant in the UK takes place
in London with a team of 18 doctors and nurses. The transplant was
a success but the patient died nine weeks later due to infection.
Now over 300 heart transplants take place every year
United Kingdom's first liver transplant takes
place at Addenbrookes Hospital in Cambridge.
Manchester Royal Infirmary completes
their first kidney transplant.
Donor Cards for kidneys introduced. The demand
for donors increases and more and more successful transplants take
place every year.
First Donor Transplant Coordinators appointed
to oversee all aspects of organ donation and transplantation.
UK Kidney Donor Card is replaced with the
Donor Card to allow people to express a wish to donate a number of
Nationwide corneal transplant service is
First Nationwide combined heart and lung
transplant is successfully performed at Hairfield Hospital.
First successful lung only transplant takes
place in the United Kingdom.
The Eye Bank opens in Manchester at
Manchester Royal Infirmary. The Eye Bank screens and stores corneas
for use and has a worldwide reputation for excellence in
The National Organ Donor Register is commenced
in order to meet the growing demand for organs for transplants in
the UK. There are currently more than 16 million people on the
UK Transplant organisation is formed; a
centrally funded organisation responsible for tissue typing and
organ matching. The organisation also takes responsibility for
increasing the number of donors.
The first lung transplant from a non-heart
beating donor takes place in Sweden.
Human Tissue Act publishes legislation on the
retrieval and storage of tissue. This Act brings about a change to
consent legislation with regards to organ and tissue donation.
UK Transplant merges with National Blood
Service to form NHS Blood and Transplant. The service aims to
significantly increase the number of organs for life saving
First living liver donation in the UK takes
place at St James Hospital in Leeds.
Government Taskforce publishes findings of
transplant services and 14 recommendations to be implemented to
meet the growing demand for life saving organs. The aim is to
increase transplants by 73% by the year 2013.
Organ Donation Committee formed at
Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation
Clinical Lead for Organ Donation is Dr
Kay Hawkins (Consultant Paediatric Intensive Care).
Specialist Nurse for Organ Donation is