How do I collect a urine sample?
The aim is to get a specimen (sample) of urine from the
middle of your stream when you pass urine (this is called a
midstream sample). Urine is normally sterile (no bacteria present).
If bacteria are found in the sample, it means that the urine is
infected. A midstream sample is best as the first bit of urine that
you pass may be contaminated with bacteria from the skin.
Prior to obtaining a sample, wash your hands.
Firstly, hold open your labia (skin at the entrance to the
vagina). Pass some urine into the toilet. Then, without stopping
the flow of urine, catch some urine in a sterile bottle. (The
bottle is usually provided by a doctor or nurse.) Once you have
enough urine in the bottle, finish off passing the rest of your
urine into the toilet.
Do not open the sterile bottle until you are ready to take the
sample. You do not need to fill the bottle to the top, a small
amount will do. Avoid touching any part of your genitals with the
bottle, as this will increase the risk of contamination. Put the
cap back on the container. The sooner the sample is given in to the
doctor's surgery, or to the laboratory, the better. Within two
hours is best. If that is not possible, put the sample in the
fridge until you take it to the doctor or laboratory.